National Memorial for Peace and Justice

Our visit to the National Memorial, a memorial to the named and unnamed victims of lynching, began in the rain. We toured the grounds and looked at row upon row of rectangular steel blocks inscribed with the names of victims in each county in which a lynching took place.

Steel blocks with names of lynching victims

We walked a winding path through the field of blocks, suspended in the air and clearly marked with the names of men women and children lynched. Some counties had 1 victim, others with a dozen or so. Counties ranged from the deep southern states of Texas, Alabama, Mississippi, South Carolina, North Carolina, Florida, Virginia, Tennessee, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, and Arkansas to the Midwest.

Alabama Trip 2019

Friends, the Alabama odyssey has begun. For some of us, it began as early as 3 a.m. as we needed to get to the airport by 5:45 a.m. ! We met in the Hartford airport to fly to Atlanta, where we were met by a bus to take us on this journey of exploration and understanding.

Having lunch on the bus, we arrived on a gray, rainy day and checked into our hotel, the Embassy Suites.

Holiday Stomach Issues

Help For Your Holiday Stomach Issues 

Stomach Icon, Stomach, Icon, Gut, Digestive Icon

Six Ways To Overcome Indigestion During the Holidays If you are enjoying too many holiday treats, then you may have stomach issues that can make you feel uncomfortable the next day. In addition to eating too much at parties during the holidays, you may consume a wide variety of foods that don’t digest well at the same time. Some of the items that are likely to spoil quickly at a holiday buffet include:

Seafood – shrimp, caviar or oysters
Eggnog – eggnog contains raw eggs
Salads – covered with mayonnaise dressings
Milk – main or side dishes that have milk
Meat – meat that isn’t at the right temperature

When you do get an upset stomach from holiday foods, there are several ways to help you feel better.  Read the list of ways  HERE.

High Sodium Foods

High Sodium (salt) Foods !

Sodium levels of the same food can vary widely, so choose wisely. 1 slice of white bread contains 80-230mg of sodium; 3 oz turkey breast, deli or pre-packaged lunch meat contains 450-1,050mg; 4 oz slice frozen pizza, plain cheese, regular crust contains 370-730mg; 4 oz boneless, skinless chicken breast, fresh, contains 40-330mg; 3 oz chicken nuggets, frozen and breaded contains 200-570mg; 1 cheeseburger from a fast food restaurant contains 710-1,690; 1 cup canned pasta with meat sauce contains 530-980mg; 1 oz plain potato chips contains 50-200mg.

While you are enjoying all of the partying and dining out this holiday season, be careful not to eat too much salt. When we are rushed, we turn to convenience foods at home that may be high in sodium.  If you have diabetes or high blood pressure, too much sodium may have a negative impact on your health. Here are some foods which can be high in sodium:

  • vegetable juice
  • frozen dinners
  • deli meats
  • canned soup  (oh no)
  • soy sauce and ketchup
  • salty snacks like chips, pretzels & dry roasted peanuts

For more information about sodium and its effects on the body check  out these websites:

Brain-Blood Sugar Connection

The Brain Health–Blood Sugar Connection You Need To Know About

David Perlmutter, M.D.

By David Perlmutter, M.D.December 18, 2018 — 8:00 AMAlzheimer’s is the fastest growing epidemic in America. Not too long ago, experts started referring to this disease as type 3 diabetes because of its intricate connection to diet and lifestyle factors like lack of exercise and sugar intake.  The studies describing Alzheimer’s as a third type of diabetes began to emerge in 2005, but the link between poor diet—notably a high-carb one—and Alzheimer’s has only more recently been brought into sharper focus with newer research showing how this can happen. Read the entire article HERE.

Meds Raising Blood Sugar?

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Are Your Meds Raising Your Blood Sugar?

If you have diabetes, you probably know some of the things that cause your glucose to go up. Like a meal with too many carbohydrates, or not enough exercise. But other medicines you might take to keep yourself healthy can cause a spike, too.  Here are some possibilities:

  • Drugs that treat high blood pressure, such as beta-blockers and thiazide diuretics
  • Statins to lower cholesterol
  • Adrenaline for severe allergic reactions
  • High doses of asthma medicines

Check with your doctor about all medications you take, both prescription and over the counter. Don’t forget supplements, too! Read the entire article here.

Are You Eating Breakfast?

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Are You Eating Breakfast?

According to the website WEbMD, the basic formula for breakfast is to pair carbs with proteins. The carbs give your body energy to get started and your brain the fuel it needs to take on the day. Protein gives you staying power and helps you feel full until your next meal.

“Eating breakfast helps keep your blood sugar steadier throughout the day, whether you have diabetes or not. For people with normal glucose test results, this might help you avoid insulin resistance, which can lead to diabetes. Drops and spikes in your blood sugar can also affect your mood, making you more nervous, grumpy, or angry,” they write.  If you have diabetes, “Don’t skip breakfast,” says Osama Hamdy, MD, PhD, with the Joslin Diabetes Center. He says when people with diabetes miss their morning meal, they’re more likely to get low blood sugar, also called hypoglycemia. Read more HERE.  Get high protein low carb recipes HERE.   Get breakfast burrito recipes HERE.

Hartford Black History

Citizens of Color, 1863-1890:
Black society after the Civil War

In the nineteenth century, there were five Black churches. That number was probably due more to the variety of beliefs than a reflection of the number of Black neighborhoods in Hartford.

According to the Hartford Black History Project, “Although the Front Street Black Neighborhood was not the oldest, its Talcott Street Congregational Church (the “African Church”) built in 1823 is the first Black Church in the city. The Black population in Hartford until then relied on the white churches if they went to church at all. One suspects that the Talcott Street Church probably arose as a result of the formation of a sense of Black community in Hartford, for it was not only associated with the riot of 1835, but later with the abolitionist movement in the Black community. So, while the Park River Black Neighborhood was probably older, it was perhaps socially less viable than the Front Street Black Neighborhood that arose near all the shipping activity along the Connecticut River.”

A.M.E. Zion Church

The other primary “African” church in Hartford was the American Methodist Episcopal Zion Church (African), which was established in 1836 at 269 Pearl Street to serve the needs of the nearby Park River Black Neighborhood. In 1857 the church was rebuilt at 91 Pearl Street. The building shown in this lithograph from Geer’s Hartford Directory (Connecticut Historical Society Library) is identified as the new church, but on architectural grounds it seems more likely to be the original building of 1836. It was built for $6000 and could seat 445 people. Although it might seem modest today, it was at the time among the City’s major constructions.

[AME Zion Church (1857)

Here in fact is the new A.M.E. Zion church, but in the Italianate style one might expect for 1857. It stood at the southwest corner of Pearl and South Ann Street, right at the northern edge of the old Park River Black Community. At the left of the photo we look south down Ann Street, which ended a block away at the Park River. So we would be looking right into Hartford’s oldest Black community, except that by the time this picture was taken in June 1898, the entire neighborhood had been displaced and the church was being relocated to North Main Street. The building seen to the right of the church was the fire department which now occupies the land on which stood the church.

We associate the Baptist religion with the wave of southern migration, and indeed, Shiloh Baptist (not at its present location) was established in 1889. Thanks to the first wave of migration, it became the largest Black Church in Harford and prospered around the time of World War I. The Union Baptist Church, was built on Mather Street a little earlier in 1871. Further investigation might show that while the target of the first wave of southern migration was the Windsor Street Neighborhood, it grew to include the early settlement near Mather Street and what had been called “Nigger Lane.” There was also built on Mather Street St. Monica’s Episcopal Church in 1912. The absence of an earlier church in the area might be because folk went to the Talcott Street Church, which was closer.

Holdridge Primus The Primus family can be traced back to a Black freeman, simply named Primus, who was servant and apprentice of a Dr. Wolcott in the mid-18th century East Windsor area. He went on to become a doctor himself. One of his immediate descendents was the sailor, Ham Primus, whose service was so outstanding he gained a status rare for Blacks: American citizenship. He married Temperance Asher, and their children were an important part of Hartford’s early Black community. Holdridge Primus was one of their children. This is a photo of him from the article, “The Colored People Who Live in Hartford,” in the Hartford Courant of 24 October 1915.
Holdridge was employed as a clerk at Humphrey and Syms, which sold sugar, coffee and tea, during much of his life and eventually became a silent partner. Here he can be seen standing in the light snow in about 1860 in front of the store (Connecticut Historican Society Museum). He married Mehitable Jacobs, a dressmaker and a founder of the Talcott Street Congregational Church. By 1850 the couple had acquired a home at 20 Wadsworth Street, and were considered wealthy for a Black family.   Among their four children was Rebecca, who was a Maryland schoolteacher with the Freedman’s Bureau, where she sought to advance the condition of Black people. When she returned to Hartford she married a Charles Thomas and fell into obscurity, but continued to teach at the Talcott Street Church school.

Read more history of Hartford’s African American community and Faith Church HERE.